What is Open?In a simplest form of information, Open data is data that can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone – subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike. This explaination can be found in Open Data Handbook, which we highly recommended you to check it out, as a librarian. Citing from the site, Open Data Handbook, The full Open Definition gives precise details as to what this means. To summarize the most important:
- Availability and Access: the data must be available as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably by downloading over the internet. The data must also be available in a convenient and modifiable form.
- Reuse and Redistribution: the data must be provided under terms that permit reuse and redistribution including the intermixing with other datasets.
- Universal Participation: everyone must be able to use, reuse and redistribute – there should be no discrimination against fields of endeavour or against persons or groups. For example, ‘non-commercial’ restrictions that would prevent ‘commercial’ use, or restrictions of use for certain purposes (e.g. only in education), are not allowed.
If you’re wondering why it is so important to be clear about what open means and why this definition is used, there’s a simple answer: interoperability.
Interoperability is very importantOne of the important elements that a lot of us have to know and aware. In computer schools, before developing a system (which can be an IT related system or just a simple workflow), students are reminded to design and look ahead into the interoperability of the system. This because as a developer, you want your system to be sustain and allow rooms to grow and progress. This is one of the element that is missing in many of us as a librarians. And, due to this, we are facing a dilemma on growing and progress. Thus, in our note, we intend to share a bit of knowledge why librarians should know what is Open Data. We are going to make it as simple form as possible in this note, by using resources from all over the web to form this introduction knowledge. This action is another form how Open Data cultural is encourage.
An Animation. Animation by Mark FloodThis animation will give you a very good explanation about Open Data. Do watch and understand.
World Bank and Her Initiative
Yes, World Bank is one of an example that has adopted Open Data creatively. The World Bank collects and processes large amounts of data and generates them on the basis of economic models. These data and models have gradually been made available to the public in a way that encourages reuse, whereas the recent publications describing them are available as open access under a Creative Commons Attribution License, for which the bank received the SPARC Innovator 2012 award. And, if you are an academic librarian, this is one site that you like to share and monitor as part of your subject development work. Your researchers will find this site very useful and informative.
Libraries should adopt Open Source to promote Open DataEarly this year, 19 Feb 2013, Jason Hibbets also shared why libraries should intrinsically open and should adopt open source solutions on his post. A number of library vendors also has embraced Open Data. One of them is Mendeley, a heavy advocate platform of Open Data, allow other products to be build around it. For example, like ImpactStory and HeadStart.
Contribute your feedbackWe like to hear from you, if your library has developed (or adopted) a platform for Open Data, please share in the comments. Or you can also comments your views about open data.
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